Children in Public Care in the UK

Fostering Care News : Children in public care

Statistics: England

67,050 children were in the care of local authorities on 31st March 2012
The rates of looked after children per 10,000 under 18 years on 31st March 2012 was 59
Gender
55% (37,020) of children looked after on 31st March 2012 were boys and 45% (30,030) were girls
Age
• 6% (4,190) of children looked after on 31st March 2012 were under 1 year old
• 19% (12,430) were aged between 1 and 4 years old
• 19% (12,700) were aged between 5 and 9 years old
• 36% (24,150) were aged between 10 and 15 years old
• 20% (13,580) were aged 16 and over
Ethnicity
• 78% (52,050) of children looked after on 31st March 2012 were white
• 9% (5,960) were of mixed racial background
• 4% (2,820) were Asian or Asian British
• 7% (4,510) were Black or Black British
• 2% (1,290) were from other ethnic groups
• Placements
• 75% (50,260) of children looked after on 31st March 2012 were living with foster carers
• 9% (5,930) were living in secure units, children’s homes or hostels
• 5% (3,600) were living with their parents
• 4% (2,680) were placed for adoption
• 3% (2,340) were with another placement in the community
• 3% (1,980) were placed in residential schools or other residential settings
Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children
2,680 unaccompanied asylum seeking children were looked after on 31st March 2011
• 89% (2,370) were boys and 11% (310) were girls
Private Fostering
1,780 children were known to be living under private fostering arrangements at 31st March 2012 (an 8% increase from 2011)
2,420 new private fostering arrangements began and 2,520 ended during the year ending 31st March 2012
2,840 new notifications were received during the year ending 31st March 2012
Adoption Orders entered into the Adopted Children Register
• 5,206 adoptions were entered into the Adopted Children Register (ACR) following court orders made in England (4,835) and Wales (371) during 2012. This is an increase of 9.8% on the 4,740 adoptions entered in 2011.
NB Figures on the ACR include adoptions by relatives and step–parents as well as adoptions from care.
Adoptions from Care
3,450 children were adopted from care during the year ending 31st March 2012
Gender
50% (1,740) of children adopted during the year ending 31st March 2012 were boys and 50% (1,710) were girls
Age
The average age at adoption was 3 years 8 months
• 2% (70) of children adopted during the year ending 31st March 2012 were under 1 year old
• 74% (2,550) were aged between 1 and 4 years old
• 21% (740) were aged between 5 and 9 years old
• 2% (80) were aged between 10 and 15 years old
• Ethnicity
• 85% (2,930) of looked after children adopted during the year ending 31st March 2012 were white
• 10% (330) were of mixed racial background
• 2% (60) were Asian or Asian British
• 3% (90) were Black or Black British
• • Adopters
92% (3,170) of children were adopted by couples and 8% (300) by single adopters during the year ending 31st March 2012
4% (160) of children were adopted by same sex couples (either in a civil partnership or not) during the year ending 31st March 2012, up from 3% (100) children in the previous year.
Waiting times
72% (2,480) children were placed for adoption within 12 months of best interest decision during the year ending 31st March 2012
Adoption Search and Reunion
The Adoption Contact Register for England and Wales
At 30th June 2001, there were 19,683 adoptees and 8,492 relatives on the Adoption Contact Register for England and Wales, and 539 successful matches had been made since the start of the Adoption Contact Register in 1991.
Sources:
BAAF British Association of Adoption and Fostering
http://www.baaf.org.uk
Children looked after by Local Authorities in England (including adoption and care leavers): year ending 31 March 2012
www.education.gov.uk
Private fostering arrangements in England: Year Ending 31 March 2012
www.education.gov.uk
Adoptions in England and Wales, 2012
www.ons.gov.uk
Adoptees and Relatives who Wish to Contact Each Other Using the Adoption Contact Register: Trends, relationships and proportions of records matched, from Population Trends, No 106, Winter 2001
www.statistics.gov.uk (pdf)
Children’s Social Work Statistics 2012 Edition (Scotland but some data in additional tables covers all countries)
www.scotland.gov.uk
Also see:
Statistics: Northern Ireland
Statistics: Scotland
Statistics: Wales

Foster Care News – UK

Foster Care News in United Kingdom

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